[L]ike many things I try to explain, the most important consequence of any action is the UNSEEN, not the seen.
Duelling was pretty common, yes. But it’s not the duels that make the difference.
Its the exceptionally rigorous public manners that make the difference.
Dueling is a cost of creating civil society.
So the question is not the cost of dueling.
But **what is the cost of not dueling***