1. Demand for the services of religion vs a business, guild, political org, band or army, reflects gender differences in personality traits.
2. There are many methods of obtaining those emotional services.
3. Children must be indoctrinated into a religion or educated into one of those methods. Religion isn’t necessarily necessary – only the services s provided by it. And even then both masculine and feminine services are necessary. This explains the ‘depression’ of modern man when women (feminists) destroyed all the male alternatives to religion by allowing women into them. “Add one woman to a room of men and it converts from a pack (army) to a society (family), depriving all men of the value of it.” As far as we know the origin of organized religion is the initiatic brotherhood of warriors. Other sought the same ‘experience’ by imitation.
The science is out there for everyone to see and takes zero effort to find, if you have even a basic understanding of the sciences.
Adversarialism, Evidence, Realism, Naturalism, Testimony, are as old as our people – we were metal smiths and warriors with military epistemology. Aristotle is clearly following our ancient tradition of adversarialism, evidence, realism, naturalism, and testimony and was merely limited by the available knowledge.
That we retroactively recategorize this first as empirical then as scientific is simply another example of earlier peoples limited by available knowledge, sufficient to disambiguate the category of investigation in search of explanation, such that we have greater agency, and greater agency to organize others for collective agency.
The Logical Facility (constant relations), Reason ( comparison and permutation), Calculation (transformation of inputs into outputs), Computation (algorithms), and Adversarialism (speech, argument, action) are all possible for man. What separates philosophy, dependent on verbalisms (verbal, textual, scriptural) interpretation, from science (evidence from demonstration, action) is what separates imagination and words from observation and actions.
Idealism(Platonism-fiction) and Mythology(theology-fiction) are merely an effort (Deception) to circumvent operationalism, because operationalism requires demonstrated knowledge, and analysis of the possibilities and costs of construction.
Action(Science) is an expensive method of mindfulness, with high chance of falsification. Philosophy(Words) is a cheap means of achieving mindfulness by verbalisms, with a low chance of falsification. Theology(Emotion) is the cheapest means of achieving mindfulness, with no chance of falsification.
Why do we gravitate to Action, Philosophy, or Theology? It reflects our degree of agency or it causes our degree of agency. Why? Because we lack the courage and agency to face the high investment in the possibility of failure (science), the low investment low possibility of failure (philosophy), and no investment and no possibility of failure (theology).
(You make this mistake all time time Rik. You use words as anchors as if they define the universe, rather than measurements of the universe that may be precise, sufficient for the purpose, and true or imprecise, insufficient for the purpose, and false.)
People who feel the need for religion, do so because they have a need for failure-free social interaction, conformity, and order.
The Religious Personality:
Strong bias to Low Dominance (aggression)
Strong bias to Agreeableness (and empathy, compassion)
Strong bias to Contentiousness
Slight bias to Extroversion
Bias to low Neuroticism (contrary to freud, jung)
Bias to Low openness
Slight bias to lower intelligence
Intelligence: atheists have about 1/2 standard deviation or six to seven points of aggregate IQ. There is a correlation between negative openness and intelligence, so this is to be expected, but it’s not meaningful since the primary difference in religiosity is not intelligence but intuition given personality traits.
—“mature religiosity and spirituality were associated with high Openness to Experience, Extraversion, Agreeableness, and Conscientiousness, and with low Neuroticism.”—
—“Religious fundamentalism was associated with higher Agreeableness, and lower Neuroticism and lower Openness to Experience.”—
—” Extrinsic religiosity was associated with higher Neuroticism but unrelated to the other personality factors. Levels of Neuroticism among religiousness vary, with European samples exhibiting higher levels than in the United States, which was speculated to be due to the dominance of Catholicism in European samples.”—
—“Traits such as femininity and conservatism have both been linked to religiosity, such that those who scored higher on religiousness were likely to also score higher for femininity and conservatism”–
—“Religiosity was negatively correlated with traits relating to sexual expression, such as eroticism, sexiness, and sensuality, such that individuals who scored higher on religiosity tended to score lower on these factors of sexuality”—
—“Humorousness has also been negatively correlated with religiosity, such that individuals who scored higher on religiousness tended to score lower on humorousness.”—
This set of biases describes the female bias in emotion and cognition.
There you go. As I’ve said. Christianity (peace) is a feminine religion for the feminine personality. Paganism and Heroism (war) are masculine religions for masculine personalities, and it is exactly these differences that demonstrate how those religions spread.
Higher neuroticism but this is probably a class factor.
–“Introverts are more likely to be atheists…. A large portion of Greek Orthodox is ISTJ as well.”–
Important: data suggests that orthodoxy can survive in the masculine mind (I suspect that is because unlike western christianity, it avoided the philosophical reformation and the battle with science, and remains ritualistic (action oriented) rather than pseudo-intellectual.
—“Data showed that basic religious beliefs have a significant negative correlation with neuroticism (r=-0.29),and a significant positive relationship with extraversion(r=0.28),openness(r=0.14),agreeableness (r=0.29),and conscientiousness (r=0.48). Also, the results of the regression analysis showed that basic religious beliefs can anticipate neuroticism, extraversion, agreeableness and conscientiousness, but they cannot anticipate the openness factor significantly.”—
Y’all can hate me for the truth. But the truth is how we solve the problem. We need more services in addition to religion. Because only feminine biased personality can tolerate the high cost of denial of reality in exchange for the frictionless extroverted experience of religion.