### 2.3.The Science

# The Science

( FIRST PRINCIPLES )

**What’s Constitutes A Science?**

Science: Science consists of

- the disciplines of
- producing increasingly parsimonious testimony
- that iteratively (gradually) is reducible to
- a formal operational logic
- at each stage of the complexity of stable relations.

- We think of this hierarchy as physics, chemistry, biology, ecology, and the rest of the fields. But just to add confusion, in the literature we refer to four sciences:Formal Sciences: The Logics: the hierarchies of vocabulary, grammar, and logic.

Physical Sciences: Those systems of deterministic operations.

Behavioral Sciences: Those systems of semi-deterministic operations

Applied Sciences: ( … )

Evolutionary Sciences: The outcome of physical and behavioral operations.

**Why Do We Classify The Four (Five) Sciences?**

**The Most Parsimonious, Fully Commensurable, System of Measurement**

The Universe (Change) Applied Science (Before) (During) (After) Physical Behavioral Evolutionary Laws Laws Laws (Constant) Logic Language Human Mental Faculties Human Physical Faculties Human Body

I would prefer to start this discussion with physics, because starting any discussion with mathematics is sure to starve the audience’s interest in what I have to say, and starting with behavioral science will lead to the audience’s bias overwhelming any potential of having a rational discussion.

If we want to create a system of measurement then we can start with our most advanced system of measurement – mathematics – and use its terms and concepts to illustrate the pattern as well as the weaknesses in mathematics.

So for our purposes I’ll start with the most obvious pattern: the physical sciences.

**Physical Sciences**

As of this writing, we haven’t determined the structure of the universe below that of the fields, forces, and particles despite a century of trying, with little progress.

1. Any change requires a difference. A difference in energy, frequency, and force.

2. Opposing forces, especially vibration (across space) or spin (locally in space) produce the greatest difference.

The competition between opposing forces, especially spinning or vibrating forces, will produce consequences for each opposing force. Some of these consequences will cancel one another out, some will eject force rapidly, some will decay slowly, and some small subset will find an equilibrium where the forces do not cancel one another out, or do not decay, and despite all their constant change by vibration, maintain a stable equilibrium of a stable relation between those forces.

Deterministic processes survive (are long-lived), and give rise to stable equilibrium (stable dynamics). Those processes that don’t produce stable equilibrium do not survive (are not long-lived enough) to participate in a subsequent hierarchy. So the universe consists of deterministic and non-deterministic processes.

Vibration exists in the real world, color and sound do not exist in the real world they are the result of sensors

We organize the physical sciences by order of what we consider complexity.

*Fields > Particles > Atoms(Elements) > Chemistry > Biochemistry > Molecular Biology > Cellular Biology (organelle, cell, tissue, organ, organ system) > Organisms > Population > Community > Ecosystem > Biome > Biosphere.*

But is that order really complexity? What do we mean by complexity? Our difficulty in understanding it? The scale of the energy or matter thats organized by it? The number of causal laws that produce it? Or all of the above? Well, it’s all of the above.

Now, the question is why does that hierarchy evolve over time?

.

**Mathematics**

Mathematics**:** Observer > Identity > Correspondence > Positional Names > Counting > Arithemetic >

Ratios: Fractions and Decimals > Accounting > Geometry (lines, shapes) > Calculus ( Curves(change) ) > Topologies (Surfaces) > Mechanics > Manifolds.

Operations**:** (addition, division, change) > Computation(Arithmetic) > Combination (geometry) > Change (Algebraic Geometry)

Deduction**:** > Memory > Trial and Error > Construction(Composition) > Probablility > Algebra > Analysis

**Logic**

**Language**

law versus algorithm, and math vs computation, sets vs operations, operations(positiva) vs language(negativa).