RE: “One way to look at the Bush years is that job growth was lousy so the Fed (and the government policies) subsidized construction jobs by creating a housing bubble. That jobs program abruptly ended. It is now time for a new jobs program. For the longer run, it is time for a different labor policy that will create many more jobs.”
It’s not just a way to look at it, it’s what happened. They wanted to create this ownership society as a means of countering the growth of urbanized socialism, and the diminishment of freedom, and competitive prosperity. This is the most important dimension of the multi-dimensional philosophy that they have been following. (We tend to classify them as having a simplistic philosophy but it is not so. It is not useful to underestimate the thought of your competitors.) The rest of it is essentially a universalist christian concept for the material benefit of mankind, (going back to Alexander) that promotes democracy as a means of exporting control over world resources in order to keep prices low, and maintain military and political power.
The problem is for their philosophy, that in the end, society has become urbanized, and large and dense. And the epistemology of urbanites is very different from the epistemology of farmers. There is more similarity between the evolutionary tendencies of urbanites and slavery economies, than the evolutionary tendencies of farmers, for precisely these epistemological reasons. THis difference has been understood for a long time, and written about extensively. However, our current status of behavioral economics has not reached a sufficient state of maturity to connect this set of tendencies, with density of population, and availability of opportunity cost at the expense of perceptibility of causality. Furthermore, our calculative institutions (accounting and taxation) as they are currently practiced, effectively launder causality from our information systems, and require us to rely on the farmer vs urbanite dichotomy as a religious or political difference, or ‘taste’, or even as a strategy of class warfare,versus relying upon factual information that allows us to analyze our behavior and make judgments about it.
Fortunately we know how to fix these issues, so that the epistemological clarity of farming (visibly of cause and effect) is available to the urbanite.
Unfortunately, we have a form of government that distracts us from solving this problem by individual profiteering on the resolution of conflicts between groups and classes.
Our biological sensitivity to fairness, which compels us to work hard, and endure costs, in order to punish those who steal from us, or treat us unfairly, seeks to commit violence, control, or punishment between groups in order to feel fairness has been satisfied.
However, this masks the underlying problem as one of solving the underlying problem as one of extending human senses, perception, and comparitive and calculative ability such that we can make decisions for collective benefit.
There is an argument that such accountability, which would come from epistemological clarity, would still be avoided by the peasantry, because of necessity we much manage consumption through the pricing system. However, redistribution can mollify discontent as it has in much of europe, assuming that there is anything to redistribute, because the population provides competitive value in contrast to other competing groups.
I have a more benign view, which is that if a sufficient number of people can understand that this is a problem of providing information, on the scale that was provided by double entry accounting, and the inventory process facilitating taxation, and the standardization of currency, a small number of simple policies can be enacted that will provide us with the information we need, and therefore will allow us to cooperate, profit, and redistribute without the necessity of relying upon democratic negotiation for the purposes of resolving disputes between classes.
Capitalism is with us forever as a set of institutions, precisely because humans cannot, in real time, process complexity of information without those institutions. Redistribution is likewise with us forever, since there is a difference between the necessity of incentive and the necessity of calculative power, and the preference for fairness. Likewise, social and economic classes are with us forever, because people requires status differences in order to pursue the mating ritual, and will create them faster than such differences will be redistributed, just as they will create black markets to circumvent anti-capitalist activity.
But capitalism and socialism as biases, are only necessary as biases, because we cannot calculate, measure, and compare, the complexity of society in which we live.
It may seem simplistic that society can be better managed by implementing changes in accounting, taxes, banking, credit, and the scope of lawmaking, but our society is changing BECAUSE of changes in these things. Instead, these institutions are what made our complex society possible, and our social systems, because they require decision and legislation rather than simply relying on evolution of business practices, simply evolves much more slowly. If we simply correct this problem, we can get away from class warfare, and into cooperating between classes for mutual gain.
In other words, we are trying to build a science of economics on testing assumptions because we lack data needed to actually understand causality. We will have a much easier time if we have the data, and we have the technology, in both accounting and record keeping, to maintain causality in our data.