“Truth is the hard problem of both philosophy and science. And Religion is the hard problem of social science. Both were hare to solve largely because we so desperately want to find what isn’t there, and so habituated that preoccupation, that we did not know how to look at the questions without it presuming it was there.”
Truth, Truthful Speech
Demand for Infallibility in Decidability
Where Given These Dimensions:
- Distinguishability (indistinguishable, distinguishably, meaningful(categorical), identifiable(memorable).
- Possibility (unimaginable, imaginable, rational, empirical, operational, unavoidable)
- Actionability (inactionable,contingently actionable, actionable)
- Population (Self, Others, All, Universal)
Yields the Series:
- Indistinguishable(perception) >
- Distinguishable(cognition) >
- Memorable(categorical-referrable) >
- Possible(material) >
- Actionable(physical) >
- Choosable(for use) >
- Preferable(Personal) >
- Good(interpersonal) >
- Decidable(political) >
- True(most parsimonious descriptive name possible)(universal) >
- Analytically True >
- Tautologically True.
Where Truthful Speech that Satisfies the Demand for Increasing Infallibility of Decidability Yields the Series:
- Intelligible: Decidable enough to imagine a conceptual relationship
- Reasonable: Decidable enough for me to feel confident that my decision will satisfy my needs, and is not a waste of time, energy, resources.
- Actionable: Decidable enough for me to take actions given time, effort, knowledge, resources.
- Ethical and Moral: Decidable enough for me to not impose risk or costs upon the interests of others, or cause others to retaliate against me if they have knowledge of and transparency into my actions.
- Normative: Decidable enough to resolve a conflict without subjective opinion among my fellow people with similar values.
- Judicial: Decidable enough to resolve a conflict without subjective opinion across different peoples with different knowledge, comprehension, and values.
- Scientific: Decidable regardless of all opinions or perspectives (â??Trueâ??)
- Logical: Decidable out of physical (Theoretical) or logical (Axiomatic) or rational (Bounded Rationality) necessity
- Tautological: Decidedly identical in properties (referents) if not references (terms). So to borrow one of many terms from Economics, we can see in this series (list) the market demand for increasingly infallible decidability.
Where Truth Consists in The Series of Definitions
- Tautological Truth: That testimony you give when promising the equality of two statements using different terms: A circular definition, a statement of equality or a statement of identity.
- Analytic Truth: The testimony you give promising the internal consistency of one or more statements used in the construction of a proof in an axiomatic(declarative) system. (a Logical Truth).
- Ideal Truth: That testimony (description) you would give, if your knowledge (information) was complete, your language was sufficient, stated without error, cleansed of bias, and absent deceit, within the scope of precision limited to the context of the question you wish to answer; and the promise that another possessed of the same knowledge (information), performing the same due diligence, having the same experiences, would provide the same testimony. (Ideal Truth = Perfect Parsimony.)
- Truthfulness: that testimony (description) you give if your knowledge (information) is incomplete, your language is insufficient, you have performed due diligence in the elimination of error, imaginary content, wishful thinking, bias, fictionalism, and deceit; within the scope of precision limited to the question you wish to answer; and which you warranty to be so; and the promise that another possessed of the knowledge, performing the same due diligence, having the same experiences, would provide the same testimony.
- Honesty: that testimony (description) you give with full knowledge that knowledge is incomplete, your language is insufficient, but you have not performed due diligence in the elimination of error and bias, but which you warranty is free of deceit; within the scope of precision limited to the question you wish to answer; and the promise that another possess of the same knowledge (information), performing the same due diligence, having the same experiences, would provide the same testimony.
- Demonstrated Preference:
Where the Criteria for Truthful Speech Is Coherence Across the Dimensions Testifiable by Man, in The Series:
- Categorically Consistent (Non-conflationary, Differences)
- Internally Consistent (Logical)
- Externally Correspondent (Empirical)
- Operationally Consistent (Consisting of Operational Terms that are Repeatable and Testable)
- Rational Choice (Consisting of Rational choice, in available time frame)
- Reciprocal (Consisting of Reciprocally Rational Choice)
- With Stated Limits and Fully Accounted (Defense against cherry-picking and inflation)
… (i)as having performed due diligence in the above dimensions;
… (ii)where due diligence is sufficient to satisfy the demand for infallibility;
… (iii)and where one entertains no risk that one cannot perform restitution for.
As a Defense Against the Series:
- Ignorance and Willful Ignorance;
- Error and failure of Due Diligence;
- Bias and Wishful Thinking;
- And the many Deceits of:
… (a) Loading and Framing;
… (b) Suggestion, Obscurantism, and Overloading(direct) and Propaganda (environmental);
… (c) Fictionalisms of Sophisms, Pseudorationalisms, Pseudoscience, and Supernaturalism;
… (d) and outright Fabrications (Deceits)
In Defense or Advocacy Of:
- Any transfer that is not:
… (a) productive
… (b) fully informed
… (c) warrantied
… (d) voluntary
… (e) free of imposition of costs upon the demonstrated interests of others by any externality.
Including but Not Limited to The Series of Those Categories Of:
- harm, damage, theft,
- fraud, fraud by omission, fraud by indirection,
- free riding, socialization of losses, privatization of commons,
- rent-seeking, corruption, monopoly seeking, conspiracy, statism/corporatism,
- conversion(Religion, Ideology, Sophism,Pseudoscience),
- conquest (war).
Lying and Deceit
And Whereas People lie:
- To advance an interest
- To obtain an interest
- To preserve an interest
And where the Spectrum of Lying consists of:
- Intent to deceive.
- Failure of due diligence against lying
- Carrier of and distributor of lies
- Carrier of tradition and culture of lies.
- A genetic predisposition to lie.
- White Lie: Preservation or construction of an emotional (status, relationship) debt or credit.
- Grey Lie: Protecting interests from liability due to accidental harm to others’ interests.
- Black Lie: Gaining an interest by intentional destruction or transfer of another’s interests.
- Evil Lie: Causing harm to others’ interest for the purpose of causing harm rather than gaining interest for one’s self.
Lying consists in the Failure of due diligence against:
- ignorance, error, bias, and wishful thinking,
And making use of:
- Loading, Framing, Obscuring, Suggestion;
- Ridiculing, Shaming, Moralizing, Psychologizing, Gossiping, Propagandizing Reputation Destruction;
- Sophisms (Overloading), (Appealing to cognitive biases);
- Straw Manning via Negativa, and Heaping of Undue Praise via Positiva;
- Fictionalisms of Idealism, Innumeracy, Pseudoscience, Supernaturalism;
- Fictions (Deceit)
- Truthful Speech